Hello everyone! It’s been a while since our last post in April, and a lot has happened. A Supreme Court ruling that will change how courts interpret an individual’s right to privacy, a bipartisan federal data privacy bill gaining momentum, ICE dipping into LexisNexis data much more than initially thought – and all of that is just within the past month. A lot is going on in the privacy world right now! While we won’t be back on our regular post schedule for a little longer, we will have time to bring you analysis and updates as they come along.
Speaking of updates, we have a big one to announce – the publication of our first book! Managing Data for Patron Privacy: Comprehensive Strategies for Libraries breaks down what library workers need to do to protect the privacy of their patron’s data. In this book, Kristin Briney, Biology & Biological Engineering Librarian at the California Institute of Technology, and LDH founder Becky Yoose cover key topics as:
succinct summaries of major U.S. laws and other regulations and standards governing patron data management;
information security practices to protect patrons and libraries from common threats;
how to navigate barriers in organizational culture when implementing data privacy measures;
sources for publicly available, customizable privacy training material for library workers;
the data life cycle from planning and collecting to disposal;
how to conduct a data inventory;
understanding the associated privacy risks of different types of library data;
why the current popular model of library assessment can become a huge privacy invasion;
data privacy and security provisions to look for in vendor contracts.
Managing Data for Patron Privacy is a great place to start for library workers and libraries looking to cultivate a sustainable, holistic approach to their data privacy practices. Come for the case studies and practical advice; stay for the cats, glitter, and pasty recipe. 😉 We hope you enjoy the book, and please let us know if you have any questions or comments as you dive into our new book!
Readers of the Tip of The Hat might be familiar with the ALA Privacy Guidelines and Checklists or even use them in their library privacy work. Created in 2015, the Guidelines aim to assist libraries and library vendors in providing patron privacy guidance around library technology and services. The Checklists give more guidance in turning this guidance into actionable checklists for libraries to incorporate into their work. The Guidelines and Checklists have provided valuable advice and direction for many a library and library vendor alike throughout the years.
As the privacy needs of libraries change, so have the Guidelines and Checklists. Nevertheless, the growing complexity of privacy work means a new set of challenges for libraries to face. Alongside this increasing set of challenges is the need for a group of resources that are easy to understand and provide the tools necessary for library workers to advocate for privacy practices on all levels, from the public to administration to vendors.
The Privacy Field Guides, an IMLS sponsored project in collaboration with ALA, aims to meet this need. These just-published guides offer practical guidance around major library privacy topics:
Data Lifecycles (If you’re familiar with our work at LDH, you might not be surprised that we helped out with the creation of this guide!)
Digital Security Basics
How To Talk About Privacy
Vendors and Privacy
These guides are a valuable addition to your library’s privacy toolkit and are a great way to start privacy discussions in your library. Take some time to go through the digital versions of the Field Guides and let us know what you think!
It seemed so long ago – last week at this time, LDH was logging back into the online world only to find yelling. Lots of yelling. Why were so many people yelling in our timeline? What did someone in the library world do this time to set people off?
The Audacity debacle continues; nevertheless, are a couple of lessons that libraries can take away from this mess.
Privacy Notices and Your Patrons
“I think what a lot of people are also taking issue with… is that these major, scary-sounding changes are popping up seemingly out of nowhere without any sense of community consultation. Right now, I think people feel caught off-guard yet again and are frustrated that the maintainers aren’t demonstrating that they care about what the broader community thinks of their decisions.”
What can libraries take away from this?
Write for your audience – Privacy notices are notoriously riddled with legal language that many in the general public are not equipped to navigate or interpret. Your privacy notice can’t skip the vetting process by your legal staff, but you can avoid confusion by using language that is appropriate for your audience. This includes limiting library and legal jargon or creating summaries or explanations for specific points in the notice to understand more detailed or longer sections of the notice. Twitter’s use of summaries and lists in their privacy notice is one example of writing to the audience. In addition, don’t forget to write the notice in the major languages of your audience. Everyone in your community deserves to know what’s going on with their privacy at the library.
Involve your audience – The earlier quote from an Audacity community member demonstrates what can happen when key stakeholders are left out of critical decision-making processes. How is your library working with patrons in the creation and review of the privacy notice? Asking patrons to review notices is one way to involve patrons, but involving patrons throughout the entire process of creating and reviewing a privacy notice can reveal hidden or overlooked privacy issues and considerations at the library.
Communicate to your audience – What do you do when you publish a change in the privacy notice? Your patrons should not be caught off guard with a significant change to the notice. Luckily, your library already has many of the tools needed to tell your patrons about important updates, from your library’s news blog or newsletter to in-library physical signage and flyers. Website alerts are also an option if used judiciously and designed well – a website popup, while tempting, can be easily clicked away without reading the popup text.
Open Source Software and Privacy Expectations
We’ll go ahead and get this out of the way – open source software is notinherently more private and secure than its proprietary counterparts. OSS can be private and secure, but not all OSS is designed with high privacy and security standards by default. One of the primary reasons why so many in the Audacity community were upset with the changes is their assumption that OSS would not engage in data collection and tracking. However, several other popular OSS projects engage in collecting some level of user data, such as collecting data for crash reporting. Having other major OSS players collect user data doesn’t automatically make this practice okay. Instead, the practice reminds those who make software decisions for their libraries that OSS projects should be subject to the same rigorous data privacy and security review as proprietary products.
A strength of OSS is the increased level of control users have over the data in the software – libraries who have the in-house skills and knowledge can modify OSS to increase the level of privacy and security of patron data in those systems. The library OSS community can provide privacy-preserving options for libraries. Other libraries have already shared their experiences adopting privacy-preserving OSS at the library, such as Matomo Analytics and Tor. Ultimately, libraries who want to protect patron privacy must choose any software that might touch patron data with care and with the same level of scrutiny regardless of software licensing status.