Hello everyone! It’s been a while since our last post in April, and a lot has happened. A Supreme Court ruling that will change how courts interpret an individual’s right to privacy, a bipartisan federal data privacy bill gaining momentum, ICE dipping into LexisNexis data much more than initially thought – and all of that is just within the past month. A lot is going on in the privacy world right now! While we won’t be back on our regular post schedule for a little longer, we will have time to bring you analysis and updates as they come along.
Speaking of updates, we have a big one to announce – the publication of our first book! Managing Data for Patron Privacy: Comprehensive Strategies for Libraries breaks down what library workers need to do to protect the privacy of their patron’s data. In this book, Kristin Briney, Biology & Biological Engineering Librarian at the California Institute of Technology, and LDH founder Becky Yoose cover key topics as:
succinct summaries of major U.S. laws and other regulations and standards governing patron data management;
information security practices to protect patrons and libraries from common threats;
how to navigate barriers in organizational culture when implementing data privacy measures;
sources for publicly available, customizable privacy training material for library workers;
the data life cycle from planning and collecting to disposal;
how to conduct a data inventory;
understanding the associated privacy risks of different types of library data;
why the current popular model of library assessment can become a huge privacy invasion;
data privacy and security provisions to look for in vendor contracts.
Managing Data for Patron Privacy is a great place to start for library workers and libraries looking to cultivate a sustainable, holistic approach to their data privacy practices. Come for the case studies and practical advice; stay for the cats, glitter, and pasty recipe. ? We hope you enjoy the book, and please let us know if you have any questions or comments as you dive into our new book!
Juan saw his recent promotion to Director of Access Services at Nebo University Libraries as an opportunity to change his library’s approach to patron privacy. However, Juan knew that becoming a manager of one of the largest departments in the libraries would not altogether remove the roadblocks he kept running into when he advocated for more robust privacy policies and practices as a staff member. Juan now had to figure out how to use his new position to advocate for the privacy changes he had been pushing for a long time…
Juan was one of the four fictional library workers introduced to participants in a recent library privacy workshop. Unlike the other three library workers, Juan was in a unique position. Instead of addressing privacy concerns with other academic departments or campus members, Juan focused on the library itself. When he was still staff, Juan had some limited success in getting better privacy protections at the library. Like many others, Juan ran into organizational roadblocks when changing privacy practices on a larger scale. Newly promoted and with new administrative political capital in the library, Juan thinks he’s in a better position to push for privacy changes throughout the entire library system.
However, Juan is not considering one essential thing – it takes much more than one person in a library to create a sustainable culture of privacy. Many of us have been in the same situation as Juan in going out on our own and pushing for privacy changes in our libraries. We do this on top of everything else that we are responsible for in our daily duties. Sometimes we rationalize this additional workload by bending and stretching existing job responsibilities without formally accommodating the new responsibilities. Other times, we deem privacy work so important that we are willing to sacrifice a portion of our well-being to ensure our patrons are protected (hello Vocational Awe). This might gain us a couple of small wins in the short term: a change in a departmental procedure or reducing the amount of data collected by a patron-facing application or system. However, the long-term reality is that these changes are not set up to be maintained because there is no sustainable system in place. Unless, of course, we as individuals decide to take on that maintenance – but even then, one person can only take on so much on top of their existing workload before everything starts to fall apart.
Creating sustainable privacy practices and programs in organizations requires at minimum two things: dedicated resources and dedicated people. Most libraries do not have these things, relying on existing staff and resources to make privacy happen. While libraries have historically been able to operate with this organizational kludge, changes to library operations and services in the last few decades have made this kludge not only ineffective but dangerous to both patrons and the library as an organization with regard to privacy risk and potential harms if those risks are realized. It is nearly impossible for patrons not to generate data in their library use, be it physical or online. Because so much of this generated data is collected by the library and third parties, even the routine act of trying to document the lifecycle of this data can be a monumental task if there is no dedicated structure in place for this work to be done sustainably.
Like many of us, Juan wants to protect patron privacy. Nevertheless, if he tries to go it alone and does not build the infrastructure to sustain privacy practices, his efforts will be short-lived at best. Privacy policies and procedures are part of that infrastructure, but they’re a part of the infrastructure that is dependent on the dedicated staff time and resources that are critical for sustainable practices. What are some of Juan’s options?
Create a centralized library data governance committee – Juan can’t do this work alone, particularly when his primary job responsibilities don’t include overseeing the library’s privacy practices. Creating a data governance committee would bring in both administration and staff from different areas of the library that work or use patron data to oversee data management, including data privacy and security. This committee would not only create and review privacy policies and procedures but would also serve as an accountability mechanism for when things go wrong or to ensure things get done. No one library worker would be solely responsible for the library’s privacy practices in this option, though Juan would need to ensure that participation in the committee does not become an undue burden for staff.
Advocate for a dedicated budget line for data privacy and security – There might already be data privacy and security resources available at the university, but those resources might not cover library-specific needs such as professional development for privacy training, consulting, or auditing. Some departments in the library might already have a dedicated budget line for privacy and security, such as Library Systems. Juan might want to talk to the department managers to determine if there might be a chance to collaborate in increasing funds to help fund data privacy and security activities in the library.
Advocate for a dedicated privacy staff position in the library – Even with a library data governance committee, ultimately, someone has to wrangle privacy at the library. Juan’s role might include some oversight of some privacy practices in Access Services; unless his job description changes, he cannot be the privacy point person for the entire library. Having a dedicated point person for privacy at the library would ensure that the data governance committee is kept on track in terms of being the data steward for the group. More importantly, it would also ensure that at least one person in the library has dedicated time and resources to track, manage, and address new and evolving data privacy risks and harms patrons face while using the library. While a full-time dedicated position to privacy is ideal, the budget might not support a new position at the time of the request. In that case, Juan might argue that he could be the privacy point person under the condition that he can shift his current responsibilities to other managers in Access Services. Nevertheless, Juan’s suggestion should only be a short-term workaround while the library works to find funding for a full-time privacy position.
All three options require some form of collaboration and negotiation with the administration and staff. Juan cannot realistically create these structures alone if he wants these structures to survive. It comes back to creating and maintaining relationships in the organization. Without these relationships, Juan is left on his own to push for privacy, which inevitably leads to burnout. No matter how passionate we are about patron privacy, like Juan, we must realize that we must not do our privacy work alone if we want our efforts to succeed.